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Spumante means sparkling wine in Italian. Brut, for wine, means a dry style of sparkling wine with up to one quarter teaspoon of sugar in a small (4.4 oz) glass.

champagne-glasses

Spumante vs brut

Spumante and brut are both labelling terms for wine that mean very different things and are not comparable.

Spumante means a wine that is bubbly or sparkling, whereas brut means a dry style of sparkling wine with low sugar levels.

Spumante meaning

Spumante indicates a bubbly or sparkling wine. It is an Italian word that is used on some Italian wine labels.

It is not a reference or indicator of sweetness in wine.

Spumante Asti

All Asti wine is sweet and low in alcohol. So, if you see a wine labelled Spumante Asti, then it is a sweet sparkling wine.

Brut meaning

Brut is an official term used for sparkling wines that denotes sweetness levels.

The word brut means dry and Brut Champagnes and sparkling wines are typically dry in style.

There is 0-12 grams of residual sugar per liter in a Brut wine.

High acidity in wines, like Champagne, balance out residual sugar levels. This is why Brut wine usually tastes dry or mostly dry even though a small glass (4.4 oz) can have up to a quarter teaspoon of sugar.

It is not easy as a consumer to understanding what brut really means because wine is usually sold in 75 cl (750 ml) bottles and not per liter.

So, I have done the math to convert this into more digestible and meaningful terms.

The table below lists how much sugar is in Brut wine in grams and teaspoons per bottle and typical glass sizes.

SizeBrut sugar levelTeaspoon(s) max
75 cl bottleUp to 9 grams of sugar1 ¾ approx (1.7)
125 ml (4.4 oz) glassUp to 1.5 grams of sugar¼ tsp approx (.29)
150 ml (5.3 oz) glassUp to 1.8 grams of sugar⅓ tsp approx (.34)
175 ml (6.1 oz) glassUp to 2.1 grams of sugar⅖ tsp approx (.40)
Brut sugar levels by teaspoon per glass and bottle

Brut is one of seven labelling terms that denote sweetness levels in Champagne and sparkling wine from dry to sweet.

See the infographic below for details on what each level is called and their respective sweetness levels.

I recommend saving this infographic to your phone to reference the next time you are buying sparkling wine.

sweetness-levels-champagne
Sweetness levels in Champagne and sparkling wine